Volume 12 - Issue 4 - April 2004

T he privacy of patients’ medical information has been a cornerstone of the doctor-patient relationship since the time of Hippocrates. As the complexity of the provision of medical care has increased, in particular since World War II and the creation of medical insurance, other entities besides doctors and patients have had access to this information. Among these other entities are lawyers, employers, insurers and government program administrators. These complexities and multilateral relationships have been accompanied by a variety of legal and administrative defenses for private patient